Marcus Mosiah Garvey was the last of eleven children born on Marcus Garvey Sr. and Sarah Jane Richards. His father was a stonemason and his mother a domestic worker and farmer. At a tender age of fourteen, Marcus became a printer's apprentice. In 1903, he traveled to Kingston Jamaica and soon became involved in union activities. In 1907, he took part in an unsuccessful printer's strike and the experience kindled in him a passion for political activism. Marcus Garvey died in London in 1940 after several strokes.
His philosophy is "If you have no confidence in self, you are twice defeated in race of life."